Solar Energy Course


Need of PV Module and Energy Scenario   (3 Hours) max

  1. Role of Energy for Social Development
  2. Some Important Units of Energy
  3. World Energy Requirement
  4. Need for Sustainable Energy Sources
  5. Limited Fossil Fuel
  6. Environment Impact of Fossil Fuel
  7. Energy Security
  8. Sustainable Sun’s Energy
  9. Sun’s Energy: Advantages
  10. Sun’s Energy: Conversion Challenges
  11. Demand of PV Technology in Energy Supply
Design Of Solar Power Plant (Note: At the End of Lecture, you will have deep Knowledge on:(1) How to calculate total Energy demand at a Particular place, Nation or World. (2) What is the Age of Conventional Sources of energy? (3) Why the PV module is the only option for Energy Sources.)  

A Complete Study on Solar Radiation for Solar collector.  (6 hours) max

Kissan Solar Course (KSC)
  • The Sun and Earth
  • Solar Radiation on Outer surface of Earth
  • Solar Spectrum of the Earth’s Surface
  • The Sun and Earth Movement
  • Declination angle
  • Apparent Motion of Sun and solar Altitude
  • The angle of Sunrays on Solar Collector
  • Local Apparent Time
  • Sunrise, Sunset and Day Length
  • Path of Sun’s Motion
  • Optimal Angle for Fixed Collector Surface
  • Optimal Inclination of the collector in summer and winter
  • Sun Tracking
  • Two-axis Tracking
  • One axis Tracking
  • Vertical Axes and Azimuth Tracking
  • Estimating Solar Radiation Empirically
  • Monthly Average Daily Global Radiation on Horizontal Surface
  • Diffuse Radiation on Horizontal Surface
  • Monthly Hourly Global and Diffuse Radiation on Horizontal Surface
  • Solar Radiation on Tilt Surface
Design Of Solar Power Plant Note: At the End of lecture, You will Have Deep Knowledge on: (1)To find out Energy of Photons Coming from Solar Radiation (2) What would be Angle of Collector from ground for maximum output (3) To find out amount of solar radiation in particular place on hourly, daily and monthly basis.(4)Amount of solar radiation Strikes on Solar Collector.  

Fundamentals of Solar Materials (Semiconductors) (3 Hours) max

Kissan Solar Course (KSC)
  • Semiconductors as a Solar Cell Material
  • Arrangement of Atoms in Space
  • Types of Unit Cell
  • Lattice of Solar Cell Materials
  • Arrangement of Electrons in Atoms
  • Bohr Models
  • Quantum Mechanics
  • Electronic Configuration
  • Formation of Energy Band
  • Energy Band Model
  • Metal, Insulators and Semiconductors
  • Types of Band Gap
Note: At the End of Lecture, you Will have Deep Knowledge on (1) Why Semiconductors is made for Solar Cell or material. (2) Dependence of Solar cell material.

Brief Study on Charges Carriers in Semiconductors   (6 Hours) max      

Kissan Solar Course (KSC)
  • Charge Carriers in Solar cell Materials
  • Bonding in Semiconductors
  • Intrinsic Semiconductors, Electrons and Holes
  • Extrinsic Semiconductors, Controlling Carriers Semiconductors
  • Carrier Concentration and Distribution
  • Density of Energy States
  • The Carrier Distribution Function
  • Calculate Number of hole and Electrons?
  • Electrons and Holes Concentration in Doped Semiconductors
  • Carrier Motion in Semiconductors/Solar materials
  • Drift Motion Due to Electric Field
  • Diffusion Motion due to Concentration Gradient
  • Drift and Diffusion together
  • Diffusion Coefficient
  • Generation of Carriers
  • Recombination of Carriers
  • Continuity of Carriers Concentrations.
Design Of Solar Power Plant Note: At end of Lecture, you will have deeply Knowledge on (1) What is Movement of Charge carriers of Solar Material (2) What will no. of Charges Carries in Given Semiconductors (3) How many Carriers Participate for Conduction. (4) Deeply Knowledge on calculation no. of impurities in a semiconductor (5) Analysis Parameter for making a Solar cell’s Materials going on my Scientist.

P-N Junction Diode: Overview on Solar Cell     (3 Hours) max

Kissan Solar Course (KSC)
  • Need of P-N Junction Diode
  • Study on P-N junction diode – Equilibrium Condition
  • Space Charge Region
  • Energy Band Diagram of PN Junction
  • Width of Depletion region
  • Carrier Movement and Current Density
  • Carrier Concentration Profile
  • PN junction at the practical condition or Nonequilibrium condition
  • Qualitative analysis
  • PN junction: quantitative analysis
  • PN Junction under Light
  • Generation of Photo voltage
  • Light Generated Current
  • I V Equation of Solar cell
  • Solar Cell Characteristics
  • Little Intro Types of Solar Cell
Note: At end of Lecture, you will have deeply Knowledge on (1) junction potential of Diode (2) Width analysis of depletion layer (2) Full concept of Forward and Reverse Biased (3) How solar Diode is different from other diode (4) Parameter which scientist working for increase efficiency of solar cell or minimize losses

Parameters Should Keep in Mind while designing of Solar Cell  (4 Hours) max

Kissan Solar Course (KSC)
  • Upper Limits of Cell Parameter
  • Open Circuit Voltage
  • Short Circuit Current
  • Fill Factor
  • Efficiency
  • Losses in Solar Cell
  • Model in a Solar Cell
  • Types of Resistance in solar cell
  • Effect of solar Radiation in Efficiency
  • Solar Cell Design
  • Design of High Short circuit Current
  • Requirement for High Short Circuit Current
  • Choice of Junction depth and its orientation
  • Minimization of Optical losses
  • Minimization of Recombination
  • Design for high Open Circuit Voltage
  • Requirement for High Open circuit Voltage
  • Design for High Fill Factor
    • Base Resistance
    • Emitter Resistance
  • Analytical Techniques
  • Solar Simulator
  • Quantum Efficiency Measurement
  • Minor Carrier lifetime and Diffusion Length Measurement
At end of Lecture, you will have deeply Knowledge on, (1) What are various parameters we should keep in mind which designing a Solar cell for better Efficiency

How could you convert Raw Silicon into Wafer of solar cell?        (6 Hours) max

Kissan Solar Course (KSC)
  • Intro on Growth of Solar PV Industry and Si Requirement
  • Steps in Producing Si Wafer
  • Production of Metallurgical Grade Si (MGS)
  • Production of Electronic Grade Silicon (EGS)
  • High Purity Si. Containing Gases
  • Obtaining Solid Poly- Si
  • Production of Silicon Wafer
  • Monocrystalline Silicon Ingot – CZ and FZ Process
  • Multicrystalline Si Ingot
  • Wafer Dicing
  • Si Sheet
  • Si Feedstock for Solar Cell Industry
  • Solar Grade Silicon
  • Low-Cost Potential
  • Refining Process for Solar Grade Silicon
  • Possible Route for Conversion of MG-Si to SoG-Si
At end of Lecture, you will have deeply Knowledge on (1) Types of Silicon (2) Which type of Silicon is Mandatory for Solar Cell (3) Conversion Process from Raw Silicon into Solar cell

Si wafer Based Solar Cell Technology or Crystaline Solar Cell      (3 Hours) max

Kissan Solar Course (KSC)
  • Development of Commercial Si solar Cell             
  • Improvement from use of CZ Single Crystal, Diffused Junction and Antireflective Coating
  • Improvement from Optimized Junction, Front Metal, Surface Texturing
  • Use of Screen Printing, Multicrystalline Si
  • Process Flow of Commercial Si cell Technology
  • Processes Used in Solar cell Technology
  • Saw Damage Removal and Surface Texturing
  • P-N Junction Formation – The Diffusion Process
  • Thin Film Layers for ARC and Surface Passivation
  • Metal Contacts
  • High Efficiency Si Solar Cell
  • Passivated Emitter Solar Cell
  • Buried Contact Solar Cell
  • Rear Point Contact Cell
  • Passivated Emitter and Rear Contact
At end of Lecture, you will have deeply Knowledge on (1) What are other process to make a solar wafer into Solar cell (2) Process Flow of Commercial Si cell Technology

Advantages in c-SI cell Process Suitable for Future Commercialization   (1.5 Hours) max

  • Introduction                     
  • Area of Improvement and Potential Efficiency Grain
  • Advances in Alternative Emitter
  • Advance in Alternative Top Metal Contacts
  • Advances in Alternative ARC
  • with Bulk Materials
  • with Front and rear Passivation

Thin Film Solar Cell Technology     (4.5 Hours) max

Kissan Solar Course (KSC)
  1. Advantages of Thin Film Technologies
  2. Materials Required of Thin Film Technology
  3. Thin Film Deposition Techniques
  4. Evaporation
  5. Sputtering
  6. LPCVD and APCVD
  7. Plasma Enhanced CVD
  8. Hot Wire CVD
  9. Common Features of Thin Film Technology
  10. Use of Transparent Conductive Oxide (TCO) and Light Trapping
  11. Possible Solar Cell structure
  12. Substrate and Superstrate Configuration
  13. Thin Film Module Manufacturing
  14. Amorphous Si Solar Cell Technology
  15. Key Aspect of Materials
  16. Solar Cell Structure
  17. Fabrication of Solar cell
  18. Cadmium Telluride Solar Cell Technology
  19. Key Aspect of Materials
  20. Solar Cell Structure
  21. Fabrication of Solar cell and Module
  22. Thin Film Polycrystalline Solar Cell
  23. Thin Film Monocrystalline Solar cell
At end of Lecture, you will have deeply Knowledge on (1) Detail Procedure on Production of Thin Film Solar Cell (2) Difference between Crystaline and thin Film Solar Cell

Solar PV Module       (3 Hours) max

Kissan Solar Course (KSC)
    1. Solar PV Module from Solar Cells
    2. Series and Parallel Connection of Cell
    3. Mismatch in Cell / Module
    4. Mismatch in Series Connection
    5. Hots Spot in The Module
    6. By pass Diode
    7. Mismatching in Parallel Connection
    8. Design and structure of PV Module
    9. Number of Solar Cell in Modules
    10. Wattage of Modules
    11. Fabrication of PV Module
    12. PV Module Power Output
    13. I-V Equation of PV Modules
    14. Rating of PV Modules
    15. I V and power curve of Modules
    16. Effects of Solar Irradiance
    17. Effect of Temperature
At end of Lecture, you will have deeply Knowledge on (1) How to Design of PV Module (2) Losses in PV Modules (3) Other Important Parameters in PV Module

Balance of Solar PV Systems     (8.5 Hours) max

Design Of Solar Power Plant
  1. Basics of Electrochemical Cell
  2. Intro of Battery
  3. Elements of an Electrochemical Cells
  4. Operation of an Electrochemical Cells
  5. Theoretical Cells Voltages and Capacity
  6. Losses in a Cell
  7. Battery Classification
  8. Cells to Battery
  9. Battery Parameter
  10. Factors Affecting battery Performances
  11. Battery Voltages Level
  12. Discharge Amp
  13. Battery Temperature during Discharge
  14. Choice of a Battery
  15. Battery Charging and Discharging Methods
  16. Batteries of PV System
  17. Lead – Acid Batteries
  18. Nickel Cadmium Batteries
  19. Comparison of Batteries
  20. Dc to Dc Converters
  21. Buck Types Dc to Dc Converter
  22. Boost Types DC to Dc Converter
  23. Buck-boost Types Dc to Dc Converter
  24. Control of DC to DC converter
  25. Input Side Reflected Impedance of the DC to Dc Converter
  26. Higher Order Dc to Dc Converter
  27. Charge Controller
  28. Commonly Used Set Points
  29. Types of Charge Controllers
  30.  Dc to Ac Converter
  31. Single Phase Dc to Ac Converter
  32. Three phase DC to Ac Converter
  33. Inverter with Pulse width Modulation
  34. Maximum Power point Tracking
At end of Lecture, you will have deeply Knowledge on (1) All Electronics Devices Used while installing a Solar power Plant

Design of Solar Power Plant and Application   (8.5 Hours) max

Kissan Solar Course (KSC)
  1. Intro of Solar PV System
  2. Standalone or Off-Grid System Configuration
  3. Unregulated Stand-alone System with DC Load
  4. Regulated Standalone System with DC Load
  5. with Battery and DC Load
  6. with Battery and Ac Load and Dc Load
  7. Regulated Hybrid System Ac and Dc Load
  8. Wiring Size of PV System
  9. Precise Sizing of PV System
  10. Hybrid PV System
  11. Why Hybrids System?
  12. Types of Hybrid System
  13. An issue with the Hybrid System
  14. Grid-Connected PV System
  15. configuration and Working
  16. Simple Payback Period
  17. Lifecycle Costing (LCC)
  18. Time value of Money
  19. Present Worth of Future one-time investment
  20. Present worth of recurring Investment
  21. Lifecycle cost
  22. Annualized LCC
  23. Unit Cost of Generated Electricity
At end of Lecture, you will have deeply Knowledge on (1) Configuration of Different types of Solar power System in Practical basis (2) Money Analysis before Installing System (3) Projects with Practicals

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