kissan solar course ksc

  1. Role of Energy for Social Development
    1. Some Important Units of Energy
    2. World Energy Requirement
    3. Need for Sustainable Energy Sources
      1. Limited Fossil Fuel
      2. Environment Impact of Fossil Fuel
      3. Energy Security
    4. Sustainable Sun’s Energy
      1. Sun’s Energy: Advantages
      2. Sun’s Energy: Conversion Challenges
    5. Demand of PV Technology in Energy Supply
Design Of Solar Power Plant (Note: At the End of the Lecture, you will have deep Knowledge on:(1) How to calculate total Energy demand at a particular place, Nation, or World. (2) What is the Age of Conventional Sources of energy? (3) Why the PV module is the only option for Energy Sources.)  kissan solar course ksc

A Complete Study on Solar Radiation for Solar collector.  (6 hours) max

  • Kissan Solar Course (KSC)
    • The Sun and Earth
      • Solar Radiation on Outer surface of Earth
      • Solar Spectrum of the Earth’s Surface
    • The Sun and Earth Movement
      • Declination angle
      • Apparent Motion of Sun and solar Altitude
    • The angle of Sunrays on Solar Collector
      • Local Apparent Time
      • Sunrise, Sunset and Day Length
      • Path of Sun’s Motion
      • Optimal Angle for Fixed Collector Surface
      • Optimal Inclination of the collector in summer and winter
    • Sun Tracking
      • Two-axis Tracking
      • One axis Tracking
      • Vertical Axes and Azimuth Tracking
    • Estimating Solar Radiation Empirically
      • Monthly Average Daily Global Radiation on Horizontal Surface
      • Diffuse Radiation on Horizontal Surface
      • Monthly Hourly Global and Diffuse Radiation on Horizontal Surface
      • Solar Radiation on Tilt Surface
Design Of Solar Power Plant Note: At the End of lecture, You will Have Deep Knowledge on: (1)To find out Energy of Photons Coming from Solar Radiation (2) What would be Angle of Collector from ground for maximum output (3) To find out amount of solar radiation in particular place on hourly, daily and monthly basis.(4)Amount of solar radiation Strikes on Solar Collector.  

Fundamentals of Solar Materials (Semiconductors) (3 Hours) max

  • Kissan Solar Course (KSC)
    • Semiconductors as a Solar Cell Material
    • Arrangement of Atoms in Space
      • Types of Unit Cell
      • Lattice of Solar Cell Materials
    • Arrangement of Electrons in Atoms
      • Bohr Models
      • Quantum Mechanics
      • Electronic Configuration
    • Formation of Energy Band
      • Energy Band Model
      • Metal, Insulators and Semiconductors
      • Types of Band Gap
Note: At the End of Lecture, you Will have Deep Knowledge on (1) Why Semiconductors is made for Solar Cell or material. (2) Dependence of Solar cell material.

Brief Study on Charges Carriers in Semiconductors   (6 Hours) max      

  •           Kissan Solar Course (KSC)                           
    • Charge Carriers in Solar cell Materials
      • Bonding in Semiconductors
      • Intrinsic Semiconductors, Electrons and Holes
      • Extrinsic Semiconductors, Controlling Carriers Semiconductors
    • Carrier Concentration and Distribution
      • Density of Energy States
      • The Carrier Distribution Function
      • Calculate Number of hole and Electrons?
      • Electrons and Holes Concentration in Doped Semiconductors
    • Carrier Motion in Semiconductors/Solar materials
      • Drift Motion Due to Electric Field
      • Diffusion Motion due to Concentration Gradient
      • Drift and Diffusion together
      • Diffusion Coefficient
    • Generation of Carriers
    • Recombination of Carriers
    • Continuity of Carriers Concentrations.
Design Of Solar Power Plant Note: At end of Lecture, you will have deeply Knowledge on (1) What is Movement of Charge carriers of Solar Material (2) What will no. of Charges Carries in Given Semiconductors (3) How many Carriers Participate for Conduction. (4) Deeply Knowledge on calculation no. of impurities in a semiconductor (5) Analysis Parameter for making a Solar cell’s Materials going on my Scientist.

P-N Junction Diode: Overview on Solar Cell     (3 Hours) max

  • Kissan Solar Course (KSC)
    • Need of P-N Junction Diode
    • Study on P-N junction diode – Equilibrium Condition
      • Space Charge Region
      • Energy Band Diagram of PN Junction
      • Width of Depletion region
      • Carrier Movement and Current Density
      • Carrier Concentration Profile
    • PN junction at the practical condition or Nonequilibrium condition
      • Qualitative analysis
      • PN junction: quantitative analysis
    • PN Junction under Light
      • Generation of Photo voltage
      • Light Generated Current
      • I V Equation of Solar cell
      • Solar Cell Characteristics
    • Little Intro Types of Solar Cell
Note: At end of Lecture, you will have deeply Knowledge on (1) junction potential of Diode (2) Width analysis of depletion layer (2) Full concept of Forward and Reverse Biased (3) How solar Diode is different from other diode (4) Parameter which scientist working for increase efficiency of solar cell or minimize losses

Parameters Should Keep in Mind while designing of Solar Cell  (4 Hours) max

  • Kissan Solar Course (KSC)
    • Upper Limits of Cell Parameter
      • Open Circuit Voltage
      • Short Circuit Current
      • Fill Factor
      • Efficiency
    • Losses in Solar Cell
      • Model in a Solar Cell
      • Types of Resistance in solar cell
      • Effect of solar Radiation in Efficiency
    • Solar Cell Design
    • Design of High Short circuit Current
      • Requirement for High Short Circuit Current
      • Choice of Junction depth and its orientation
      • Minimization of Optical losses
      • Minimization of Recombination
    • Design for high Open Circuit Voltage
      • Requirement for High Open circuit Voltage
    • Design for High Fill Factor
      • Base Resistance
      • Emitter Resistance
    • Analytical Techniques
      • Solar Simulator
      • Quantum Efficiency Measurement
      • Minor Carrier lifetime and Diffusion Length Measurement
At end of Lecture, you will have deeply Knowledge on, (1) What are various parameters we should keep in mind which designing a Solar cell for better Efficiency

How could you convert Raw Silicon into Wafer of solar cell?    (6 Hours) max

  • Kissan Solar Course (KSC)
    • Intro on Growth of Solar PV Industry and Si Requirement
    • Steps in Producing Si Wafer
    • Production of Metallurgical Grade Si (MGS)
    • Production of Electronic Grade Silicon (EGS)
      • High Purity Si. Containing Gases
      • Obtaining Solid Poly- Si
    • Production of Silicon Wafer
      • Monocrystalline Silicon Ingot – CZ and FZ Process
      • Multicrystalline Si Ingot
      • Wafer Dicing
    • Si Sheet
    • Si Feedstock for Solar Cell Industry
    • Solar Grade Silicon
      • Low-Cost Potential
      • Refining Process for Solar Grade Silicon
      • Possible Route for Conversion of MG-Si to SoG-Si
At end of Lecture, you will have deeply Knowledge on (1) Types of Silicon (2) Which type of Silicon is Mandatory for Solar Cell (3) Conversion Process from Raw Silicon into Solar cell

Si wafer Based Solar Cell Technology or Crystaline Solar Cell      (3 Hours) max

  • Kissan Solar Course (KSC)
    • Development of Commercial Si solar Cell             
      • Improvement from use of CZ Single Crystal, Diffused Junction and Antireflective Coating
      • Improvement from Optimized Junction, Front Metal, Surface Texturing
      • Use of Screen Printing, Multicrystalline Si
    • Process Flow of Commercial Si cell Technology
    • Processes Used in Solar cell Technology
      • Saw Damage Removal and Surface Texturing
      • P-N Junction Formation – The Diffusion Process
      • Thin Film Layers for ARC and Surface Passivation
      • Metal Contacts
    • High Efficiency Si Solar Cell
      • Passivated Emitter Solar Cell
      • Buried Contact Solar Cell
      • Rear Point Contact Cell
      • Passivated Emitter and Rear Contact
At end of Lecture, you will have deeply Knowledge on (1) What are other process to make a solar wafer into Solar cell (2) Process Flow of Commercial Si cell Technology

Advantages in c-SI cell Process Suitable for Future Commercialization   (1.5 Hours) max

    • Introduction                     
    • Area of Improvement and Potential Efficiency Grain
      • Advances in Alternative Emitter
      • Advance in Alternative Top Metal Contacts
      • Advances in Alternative ARC
      • with Bulk Materials
      • with Front and rear Passivation

Thin Film Solar Cell Technology     (4.5 Hours) max

  1. Kissan Solar Course (KSC)
    1. Advantages of Thin Film Technologies
    2. Materials Required of Thin Film Technology
    3. Thin Film Deposition Techniques
      1. Evaporation
      2. Sputtering
      3. LPCVD and APCVD
      4. Plasma Enhanced CVD
      5. Hot Wire CVD
    4. Common Features of Thin Film Technology
      1. Use of Transparent Conductive Oxide (TCO) and Light Trapping
      2. Possible Solar Cell structure
      3. Substrate and Superstrate Configuration
      4. Thin Film Module Manufacturing
    5. Amorphous Si Solar Cell Technology
      1. Key Aspect of Materials
      2. Solar Cell Structure
      3. Fabrication of Solar cell
    6. Cadmium Telluride Solar Cell Technology
      1. Key Aspect of Materials
      2. Solar Cell Structure
      3. Fabrication of Solar cell and Module
    7. Thin Film Polycrystalline Solar Cell
    8. Thin Film Monocrystalline Solar cell
At end of Lecture, you will have deeply Knowledge on (1) Detail Procedure on Production of Thin Film Solar Cell (2) Difference between Crystaline and thin Film Solar Cell

Solar PV Module       (3 Hours) max

  1. Kissan Solar Course (KSC)
    1. Solar PV Module from Solar Cells
      1. Series and Parallel Connection of Cell
      2. Mismatch in Cell / Module
    2. Mismatch in Series Connection
      1. Hots Spot in The Module
      2. By pass Diode
    3. Mismatching in Parallel Connection
    4. Design and structure of PV Module
      1. Number of Solar Cell in Modules
      2. Wattage of Modules
      3. Fabrication of PV Module
    5. PV Module Power Output
      1. I-V Equation of PV Modules
      2. Rating of PV Modules
      3. I V and power curve of Modules
      4. Effects of Solar Irradiance
      5. Effect of Temperature
At end of Lecture, you will have deeply Knowledge on (1) How to Design of PV Module (2) Losses in PV Modules (3) Other Important Parameters in PV Module

Balance of Solar PV Systems     (8.5 Hours) max

  1. Kissan Solar Course (KSC)
    1. Basics of Electrochemical Cell
      1. Intro of Battery
      2. Elements of an Electrochemical Cells
      3. Operation of an Electrochemical Cells
      4. Theoretical Cells Voltages and Capacity
      5. Losses in a Cell
      6. Battery Classification
      7. Cells to Battery
      8. Battery Parameter
    2. Factors Affecting battery Performances
      1. Battery Voltages Level
      2. Discharge Amp
      3. Battery Temperature during Discharge
      4. Choice of a Battery
      5. Battery Charging and Discharging Methods
    3. Batteries of PV System
      1. Lead – Acid Batteries
      2. Nickel Cadmium Batteries
      3. Comparison of Batteries
    4. Dc to Dc Converters
      1. Buck Types Dc to Dc Converter
      2. Boost Types DC to Dc Converter
      3. Buck-boost Types Dc to Dc Converter
      4. Control of DC to DC converter
      5. Input Side Reflected Impedance of the DC to Dc Converter
      6. Higher Order Dc to Dc Converter
    5. Charge Controller
      1. Commonly Used Set Points
      2. Types of Charge Controllers
    6.  Dc to Ac Converter
      1. Single Phase Dc to Ac Converter
      2. Three phase DC to Ac Converter
      3. Inverter with Pulse width Modulation
    7. Maximum Power point Tracking
At end of Lecture, you will have deeply Knowledge on (1) All Electronics Devices Used while installing a Solar power Plant

Design of Solar Power Plant and Application   (8.5 Hours) max

  1. Kissan Solar Course (KSC)
    1. Intro of Solar PV System
    2. Standalone or Off-Grid System Configuration
      1. Unregulated Stand-alone System with DC Load
      2. Regulated Standalone System with DC Load
      3. with Battery and DC Load
      4. with Battery and Ac Load and Dc Load
      5. Regulated Hybrid System Ac and Dc Load
    3. Wiring Size of PV System
    4. Precise Sizing of PV System
    5. Hybrid PV System
      1. Why Hybrids System?
      2. Types of Hybrid System
      3. An issue with the Hybrid System
    6. Grid-Connected PV System
      1. configuration and Working
    7. Simple Payback Period
    8. Lifecycle Costing (LCC)
      1. Time value of Money
      2. Present Worth of Future one-time investment
      3. Present worth of recurring Investment
      4. Lifecycle cost
      5. Annualized LCC
      6. Unit Cost of Generated Electricity
At end of Lecture, you will have deeply Knowledge on (1) Configuration of Different types of Solar power System in Practical basis (2) Money Analysis before Installing System (3) Projects with Practicals

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